The star cycle has always been associated with giving birth to different stars, planets, asteroids, and black holes which is just 4% of what makes up the universe. The scourge of different energy and gamma rays spread across the galaxies changing the composition of matter after it decays over time. A supernova is the death of the long active star.


A supernova is a powerful stellar explosion. This transient astronomical event occurs during the last evolutionary stages of the SAR Cycle, As a massive star or a White Dwarf is triggered into runaway nuclear fusion. After the runaway from nuclear fusion, it either takes the form of a black hole or is destroyed completely. Its luminosity is that of the same level and frequency as the entire galaxy.


Stars are natural galactic nuclear fusion power plants that use Hydrogen to form Helium atoms to continue combusting fusion into new elements like iron and various gases. The core has temperatures exceeding 15 million degrees celsius. Because of the Sun’s core which creates immense pressure from gravitational pull, the Hydrogen atoms continue producing solar energy from forming Helium atoms and so on. 

Stages of supernova

  1. Collapse under its own weight
  2. Shock wave of heat then turns into a neutron star
  3. Creating a star 10 kilometers in size with the atomic mass of the Sun 
  4. Finally explodes like a fireball in all directions and shines as bright as the galaxy.


Unlike black holes, gravitational disruption of a supernova sends a burst of high-temperature radiation at the speed of light which translates the real meaning behind Einstein’s equations that mass is conserved into energy through the speed of light per Joules. Wether it’s on the quantum scale, which identifies photons movement, or gamma-ray bursts; to alpha decay, it all makes sense as everything occurs within the explosion.

This shows how the amount of helium plays a big part in the required fuel of a star



The star cycle is part of the solar system in ways that are incomprehensible despite having more than 95% mass of the solar system. It is an element composer unlike anything else. It fascinates us how nuclear fusion isn’t wasteful and it is also why scientists are willing to make a mature size sun capable of fueling the entire world from nuclear fusion lasting possibly centuries and more. With new technology capabilities, any discovery will be simple to devise.

Writer: Ali Fathi Albati

Editors: Uzay Kara/Omar Alturki


  1. (Joglekar Oldest sky-chart with Supernova record)
  2. monkeyseevideos. “What Is A Supernova?” YouTube, YouTube, 21 Dec. 2012,